In an attempt to increase our understanding of the clinical syndrome of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) an analysis was made of the association between prostate volume as measured by transrectal ultrasound and several reported urodynamically determined urethral resistance parameters. Two types of obstruction can be recognized on the basis of urodynamic data: a compressive type characterized by a high urethral opening pressure and a prolonged isovolumetric contraction phase before urine flow can start, and a constrictive type characterized by a normal opening pressure and an increased slope of the urethral resistance relation. A combination of both types is often seen in BPH. In our study, parameters that selectively quantify compression correlate weakly to moderately with prostate volume, whereas parameters that mainly quantify constriction do not correlate at all with prostate volume. Parameters that combine a measure for compression and constriction correlate less well with prostate volume than parameters that mainly quantify compression. The variation in prostate volume was found to determine the variation in urethral resistance by 15% or less depending on the parameter used, which implies that the different pathophysiological mechanisms that can increase urethral resistance in the complex process of clinical BPH are mainly determined by factors other than the volume of the prostate. Thus, despite the lack of correlation between prostate volume and urethral resistance, pressure-flow studies and the determination of urethral resistance parameters provide a valuable contribution to the understanding of the pathophysiology of voiding dysfunction in men with symptoms of prostatism.

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The Journal of Urology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Kranse, R, van Mastrigt, R, Schröder, F.H, & Bosch, J.L.H.R. (1995). Reasons for the weak correlation between prostate volume and urethral resistance parameters in patients with prostatism. The Journal of Urology. Retrieved from