Objective: To evaluate the incremental prognostic value of the number and maximum volume of coronary artery calcifications over modified Agatston score strata, age, pack-years, and smoking status for predicting cardiovascular events. Methods: A total of 3559 male current and former smokers received a CT examination for lung cancer screening. Smoking characteristics, patient demographics, and physician-diagnosed cardiovascular events were collected. Images were acquired without electrocardiography gating on 16-slice CT scanners. The association between the presence of bothfatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events and the predictors was quantified using Coxproportional hazard analysis. Results: Median follow-up period was 2.9years. Incident cardiovascular events occurred in 186 participants. Adjusted hazard ratios for modified Agatston score strata of 1 to 10, 11 to 100, 101 to 400, and >400 were 3.39 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-9.59), 6.52 (95% CI, 2.73-15.60), 6.58 (95% CI, 2.75-15.78), and 12.58 (95% CI, 5.42-29.16), respectively. Moreover, comparing the models with and without modified Agatston score strata to the model with age, pack-years, and smoking status yielded a significantly better net reclassification improvement (NRI; 27.3%; P < .0001). Adding the number of calcifications to the model with age, pack-years, smoking status, and modified Agatston score strata resulted in a slightly better NRI (1.68%; P= .0490) with a hazard ratio of 1.13 (95% CI, 1.05-1.21) per 10 calcifications. The incremental prognostic information contained in the volume of the largest calcification was not statistically significant (NRI, 0.14%; P= .3458). Conclusion: Cardiovascular event rate increased with higher numbers of calcified lesions. The number but not maximum volume of calcifications has independent, although minimal, prognostic value over age, pack-years, smoking status, and modified Agatston score strata in our population.

Agatston score, Cardiovascular event, Computed tomography, Coronary artery calcification, Lung cancer screening
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2014.11.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/90338
Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Department of Public Health

Takx, R.A.P, Isgum, I, Willemink, M.J, van der Graaf, Y, de Koning, H.J, Vliegenthart, R, … de Jong, P.A. (2015). Quantification of coronary artery calcium in nongated CT to predict cardiovascular events in male lung cancer screening participants: Results of the NELSON study. Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, 9(1), 50–57. doi:10.1016/j.jcct.2014.11.006