This review will address the different challenges for the use of non-neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). It will discuss the available evidence for the use of pediatric ECMO in respiratory and circulatory failure, focusing on indications and contra-indications and choice of ECMO mode. Furthermore we will try to define optimal treatment goals, identify primary outcome parameters and calculate the expected need for non-neonatal ECMO per 1.000.000 inhabitants.

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Keywords Child, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Pediatrics
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Journal Minerva Pediatrica
Houmes, R.J.M, Wildschut, E.D, Pokorna, P, Vobruba, V, Kraemer, U, Reiss, I.K.M, & Tibboel, D. (2012). Challenges in non-neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Minerva Pediatrica (Vol. 64, pp. 439–445). Retrieved from