Objective: The most commonly used instrument for measuring anger is the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2; Spielberger, 1999). This study further examines the validity of the STAXI-2 and compares anger scores between several clinical and nonclinical samples. Method: Reliability, concurrent, and construct validity were investigated in Dutch undergraduate students (N = 764), a general population sample (N = 1211), and psychiatric outpatients (N = 226). Results: The results support the reliability and validity of the STAXI-2. Concurrent validity was strong, with meaningful correlations between the STAXI-2 scales and anger-related constructs in both clinical and nonclinical samples. Importantly, patients showed higher experience and expression of anger than the general population sample. Additionally, forensic outpatients with addiction problems reported higher Anger Expression-Out than general psychiatric outpatients. Conclusion: Our conclusion is that the STAXI-2 is a suitable instrument to measure both the experience and the expression of anger in both general and clinical populations.

Anger Control, Anger Expression, Psychometric properties, State Anger, STAXI-2, Trait Anger, Validation, Validity
dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22253, hdl.handle.net/1765/90465
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Department of Psychology

Lievaart, D.M, Franken, I.H.A, & Hovens, J.E.J.M. (2016). Anger Assessment in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations: Further Validation of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 263–278. doi:10.1002/jclp.22253