Objective: we aimed to evaluate the provision of quit-smoking counselling by midwives in the Netherlands and its effect on smoking behaviour and birth weight. Design: quasi-experimental study in which we collected information from pregnant women who smoke throughout their pregnancy by extracting data from electronic patient files. Setting: primary care midwifery practices. Participants: 851 pregnant women who smoke, treated between 2011 and 2014. Intervention: quit-smoking counselling. Measurements and findings: the midwives decided to provide quit-smoking counselling to the participant or not. Non-counselled women were used as the control group. The primary outcome parameter was quit smoking, defined as 'quit smoking by end of pregnancy'.At intake, 67% of the women smoked 1-9 cigarettes a day, 23% smoked 10-20 cigarettes a day and 4% more than 20 cigarettes a day. The midwives began counselling with 42% of the participants, but seldom completed all the counselling steps. The average quit rate was 10% and average birth weight of the babies was 3200. g. We found no difference in quit rate or birth weight between counselled women and those who were not. However, the data suggested that counselling is more effective when more steps of counselling are completed. Key conclusions: no effect was found of quit-smoking counselling on quit-smoking rate or birth weight. Possibly, counselling is effective when provided extensively throughout pregnancy. Implications for practice: our study shows that provision of counselling can be improved.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Birth weight, Midwives, Pregnancy, Primary care, Quit-smoking counselling
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2015.05.010, hdl.handle.net/1765/90528
Journal Midwifery
Oude Wesselink, S.F, Lingsma, H.F, Robben, P.B.M, & Mackenbach, J.P. (2015). Provision and effect of quit-smoking counselling by primary care midwives. Midwifery, 31(10), 986–992. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2015.05.010