BACKGROUND: Standardization of HDL-cholesterol is needed for risk assessment. We assessed for the first time the accuracy of HDL-cholesterol testing in The Netherlands and evaluated 11 candidate reference materials (CRMs). METHODS: The total error (TE) of HDL-cholesterol measurements was assessed in native human sera by 25 Dutch clinical chemistry laboratories. Concomitantly, the suitability of lyophilized, saccharose-containing CRMs (n = 11) for HDL-cholesterol was evaluated. RESULTS: In the precipitation method group, which included 25 laboratories and four methods, the mean (minimum-maximum) TE was 11.5% (2.7-25.2%), signifying that 18 of 25 laboratories satisfied the TE goal of </=13% issued by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). In the homogeneous HDL-cholesterol method group, which included five laboratories, each performing two different methods, the mean (minimum-maximum) TE was 9.5% (6.0-17.3%) for the Boehringer assay and 15.7% (3.3-30.7%) for the Genzyme assay. For the Boehringer homogeneous assay, one of five laboratories did not meet the TE criterion, whereas for the Genzyme homogeneous assay, three of five laboratories exceeded the 13% criterion. The biases on the HDL-cholesterol values found by various precipitation methods were highly variable in all CRMs, irrespective of the quality, whereas the biases found by the homogeneous method from Boehringer were far less than +/-5% for the highest-quality CRMs (CRMs 4-6). CONCLUSIONS: The NCEP goal was met by 24 of 35 laboratories assessed by use of native human sera. Selectively pooled, lyophilized CRMs that are cryoprotected with 200 g/L saccharose have ample potential for use in the standardization of homogeneous HDL-cholesterol methods.

, , , , , , , , , , ,
Clinical Chemistry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cobbaert, C., Baadenhuijsen, H., Zwang, L., Weykamp, C. W., Demacker, P. N., & Mulder, P. (1999). Survey of total error of precipitation and homogeneous HDL-cholesterol methods and simultaneous evaluation of lyophilized saccharose-containing candidate reference materials for HDL-cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry. Retrieved from