In this paper we analyze how the process of visioning about 'wicked' long-term policy issues developed as a result of co-evolving processes of "framing", "puzzling" and "powering". In this article we discuss a case of cross-border joint visioning on multi-purpose land use planning in a multi-stakeholder process on the transboundary river Scheldt, whose estuary is shared by the Netherlands and Belgium, in which three different rounds can be distinguished, showing a different logic to organizing the processes of framing, puzzling and powering when the focus on the long term diminishes. This analysis helps us move beyond an often naïve perspective of beyond multi-stakeholder processes. We conclude that productive interaction between framing, puzzling and powering is more easily realized in situations of drafting a long-term vision, compared to situations in which long-term visions have to be translated in shorter-run implementation projects.,
Futures: the journal of policy, planning and futures studies
Department of Public Administration

Warner, J, & van Buuren, M.W. (2015). Reframing long-term controversies in transboundary river management. The intermediate role of puzzling and powering in tackling wicked problems. Futures: the journal of policy, planning and futures studies, 76, 18–29. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.12.002