Purpose When restoration of the anatomical continuity in case of long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) is not feasible, esophageal replacement surgery becomes mandatory. The aim of this paper is to critically compare the experience of two tertiary referral centers in The Netherlands performing either gastric pull-up (GPU) or jejunal interposition (JI). Methods Retrospective chart review of all the patients with LGEA who underwent GPU in the University Medical Center Groningen and JI in the University Medical Center Utrecht. Main endpoints were short term morbidity, mortality and long term functional outcome (digestive functioning and growth). Descriptive analyses conducted using Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables and Fisher's exact test for categorical variables. Results Nine children underwent GPU and 15 JI. Median age (years) at last follow up was fourteen (GPU) and eight (JI). One patient died, 10 years after JI. No grafts were lost. Perioperative anastomotic complications were reported more often after JI (73% vs. 22%, p = 0.03). However reintervention rate was the same in both groups (33%). Among long term outcomes, functional obstruction was not registered after GPU, while it was recorded in 46% after JI (p = 0.02). No other significant differences were found apart from some tendencies concerning full oral nutrition and gastroesophageal reflux (GPU > JI). Conclusion Comparative data from this study reveal no mortality but significant morbidity in both groups. No graft was lost. Although not statistically different as a result of small patient numbers, clinically important differences regarding gastrointestinal system were noted. Growth should be monitored closely in both groups.

, , , , ,
doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.05.026, hdl.handle.net/1765/90844
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Department of Pediatric Surgery

Gallo, G, Zwaveling, S, van der Zee, D.C, Bax, K.M.A, de Langen, Z.J, & Hulscher, M.E.J.L. (2015). A two-center comparative study of gastric pull-up and jejunal interposition for long gap esophageal atresia. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 50(4), 535–539. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.05.026