Background: Preserving kidney function and prevention of cardiovascular disease can only be achieved if patients are supported in self-managing their disease aimed at developing coping strategies.
Objectives: In MASTERPLAN, a clinical trial from 2005 -2010, patients with chronic kidney disease were randomised to receive nurse practitioner (NP) support or physician care alone. We evaluated the role of NP and patients in achieving lifestyle treatment goals. However the evaluation of lifestyle interventions resulted in disappointing findings.
Design: We conducted a mixed method study to explain the previous quantitative results in order to achieve a more complete description of the practice of reaching lifestyle goals
Participants: Ten NPs in nine participating hospitals of the MASTERPLAN study were interviewed and identified a hierarchy on what treatment goals received the most attention during MASTERPLAN, at baseline and after four years.
Results: A shift of attention in study goals occured for various reasons e.g. progression of disease, too many goals, non-motivated patients, changed relationship between NP and patient. Different strategies were used to influence lifestyle change with varying degrees of success.
Conclusion: Lifestyle change is difficult to maintain during five years follow up. Besides a shift of attention in study goals, the relationship with the patient also changed over time.

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Journal of Renal Care

Wierdsma, J. M., Vervoort, S. C. J. M., van Zuilen, A., Berkhout, N. C., & Gundlach, P. J. (2016). Evaluation Of The Role Of Nurse Practitioners In MASTERPLAN. Journal of Renal Care, 42(1), 23–33. doi:10.1111/jorc.12128