Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the moderating role of Big Five personality traits in short and long term effectiveness of MultiSystemic Therapy (MST) for serious and persistent juvenile delinquents. Method: Data of a randomized controlled trial (N = 256) were used to examine the research question. Results: Extraversion, Emotional Stability and Openness did not moderate short term effectiveness of MST, but Conscientiousness and Agreeableness did: MST was most effective for highly conscientious and highly agreeable juvenile delinquents. Personality did not moderate the effectiveness of MST on aggression or the long-term effectiveness of MST. Conclusion: This study shows the importance of personality traits for short-term treatment outcomes, effectiveness of MST differs for high/low Agreeableness and Conscientiousness.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Moderator, Multisystemic Therapy (MST), Personality
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.05.004, hdl.handle.net/1765/91422
Journal Journal of Research in Personality
Citation
Asscher, J.J, Deković, M, van den Akker, A.L, Manders, W.A, Prins, P.J.M, van der Laan, P.H, & Prinzie, P.J. (2016). Do personality traits affect responsiveness of juvenile delinquents to treatment?. Journal of Research in Personality, 63, 44–50. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.05.004