Background: Phase 3 clinical studies have shown that long-term treatment with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) can suppress hepatitis B viral load and promote significant fibrosis regression and cirrhosis reversal in a majority of treated chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. This retrospective analysis investigated the impact of baseline cirrhosis status on virologic, serologic, and histologic outcomes in patients treated with TDF. Methods: Patients enrolled in studies GS-US-174-0102 and GS-US-174-0103 who had baseline liver biopsy–diagnosed cirrhosis and entered the open-label phase of the studies were included in the virologic and serologic analyses. Patients (both HBeAg positive and negative) with paired liver biopsies at baseline and 5 years (N = 348) were included in a histologic analysis. Results: After 5 years on study, comparing patients with and without baseline cirrhosis, respectively: 99.2 and 98.0 % achieved virologic response (hepatitis B viral load < 69 IU/ml) (p = 0.686); 79.7 and 81.9 % had normal serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.586); 4.0 and 1.2 % developed hepatocellular carcinoma (p = 0.044). In HBeAg-positive patients with and without baseline cirrhosis, HBsAg loss occurred in 14.4 and 8.3 % of patients, respectively (p = 0.188). One HBeAg-negative patient had HBsAg loss. Conclusions: This represents the largest analyses to date of CHB patients with sequential liver biopsies demonstrating that treatment with TDF for up to 5 years is associated with favorable virologic, serologic, and histologic outcomes, regardless of baseline cirrhosis status. Notably, histologic improvement was observed in the majority of cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients.

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Keywords Antiviral agent, Chronic hepatitis B, Cirrhosis, Hepatitis B e antigen, Hepatitis B surface antigen, Tenofovir disoproxil
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Journal Hepatology International
Buti, M, Fung, S, Gane, E, Afdhal, N.H, Flisiak, R, Gurel, S, … Marcellin, P. (2015). Long-term clinical outcomes in cirrhotic chronic hepatitis B patients treated with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for up to 5 years. Hepatology International, 9(2), 243–250. doi:10.1007/s12072-015-9614-4