An arteriovenous fistula was diagnosed in a woman with a progressive painful and swollen limb. Ligation of the fistula resulted in decongestion of the limb and reduction of the pain. As the history of trauma or surgery in this case was negative, it is likely the AV fistula is congenital.

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Phlebologie - Annales Vasculaires
Department of Dermatology

Kemperman, P., de Haas, E., & Neumann, M. (2011). Congenital AV fistula of the leg with a threat in later decades. Phlebologie - Annales Vasculaires, 64(2), 49–50. Retrieved from