Aims: Prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly encountered in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, with uncertain significance. We sought to evaluate the impact of prior PCI in ACS patients. Methods and results: Patients with ACS enrolled in the prospective PROSPECT registry underwent three-vessel intravascular ultrasound and virtual histology evaluation after successful PCI of the culprit lesion(s). We identified patients with prior PCI (>6 months before index ACS) and compared their outcomes to those without prior PCI. Time-to-event for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was estimated up to three years, and the independent association between prior PCI and MACE was evaluated in a multivariable model. Among 696 patients enrolled, 77 (11.1%) had prior PCI. They were older and more likely to have prior myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, and congestive heart failure. At three years, patients with prior PCI had significantly higher rates of cardiac death, rehospitalisation for worsening angina, and MACE (adjusted HR=1.73 [95% CI: 1.09, 2.75], p=0.02), independent of other comorbidities and intravascular ultrasound findings. Conclusions: Prior PCI was noted in over 10% of patients with ACS and was associated with higher mortality and morbidity, independent of other comorbidities. Prior PCI should be considered a high-risk feature when evaluating ACS patients.

Acute coronary syndromes, Outcomes, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Virtual histology intravascular ultrasound,
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Iiguez, A, Brener, S.J, Jiménez, V.A, Maehara, A, Mintz, G.S, Xu, K, … Stone, G.W. (2016). Significance of prior percutaneous revascularisation in patients with acute coronary syndromes: Insights from the prospective PROSPECT registry. EuroIntervention, 11(13), 1468–1474. doi:10.4244/EIJV11I13A285