Myocardial hypertrophy decreases the muscle mass-to-vascularization ratio, thereby changing myocardial perfusion. The effect of these changes on myocardial oxygenation in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused rat hearts was measured using epimyocardial NADH videofluorimetry, whereby ischemic myocardium displays a high fluorescence intensity. Hypertrophic hearts, in contrast to control hearts, developed ischemic areas during oxygen-saturated Langendorff perfusion. Reoxygenation of control hearts after a hypoxic episode resulted in a swift decrease of fluorescence in a heterogeneous pattern of small, evenly dispersed, highly fluorescent patches. Identical patterns could be evoked by occluding capillaries with microspheres 5.9 micrometer in diameter. Ten seconds after reoxygenation there were no more dysoxic areas, whereas reoxygenation in hypertrophic hearts showed larger ischemic areas that took significantly longer to return to normoxic fluorescence intensities. Hypothesizing that the larger areas originate at a vascular level proximal to the capillary network, we induced hypoxic patterns by embolizing control hearts with microspheres 9.8 and 15 micrometer in diameter. The frequency distribution histograms of these dysoxic surface areas matched those of hypertrophic hearts and differed significantly from those of hearts embolized with 5.9-micrometer microspheres. These results suggest the existence of areas in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused hearts with suboptimal vascularization originating at the arteriolar and/or arterial level.

Animals, Anoxia/metabolism, Cardiomegaly/*complications/metabolism, Cardiomyopathies/metabolism, Fluorometry, In Vitro, Male, Microspheres, Myocardial Ischemia/*etiology/metabolism, Myocardium/metabolism, NAD/metabolism, Oxygen Consumption, Perfusion, Rats, Reference Values, Television
American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Ashruf, J.F, Ince, C, & Bruining, H.A. (1999). Regional ischemia in hypertrophic Langendorff-perfused rat hearts. American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated). Retrieved from