Objective To study the dispensing of potentially teratogenic drugs in the 12-month period before as well as during pregnancy in the Netherlands. Design Population-based study. Setting A cohort was constructed using a linkage between the PHARMO Database Network and the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN). Population A total of 203 962 Dutch pregnancies reported between 1999 and 2007 Methods Drug-dispensing information was identified from the PHARMO Database Network for the 12-month period before conception and during pregnancy. Drugs with either a Swedish FASS 'D' classification, an Australian ADEC or American FDA 'D' or 'X' classification were considered potentially teratogenic (n = 202). Mean outcome measures Proportion of pregnancies that received potentially teratogenic drugs in the 12-month period before and during pregnancy and specific for the risk category X drugs and newly initiated drugs. Results Sixteen percent of the pregnancies received a potentially teratogenic drug in the 12-month period before and 5.07% during pregnancy. Doxycycline and paroxetine were most frequently received during pregnancy by 1.01% and 0.85% of women, respectively; 0.66% of the women received a risk category X drug during pregnancy which most frequently consisted of triptorelin (0.25%), norethisterone (0.22%) and simvastatin (0.03%). Fifty-three percent of the women who received a potentially teratogenic drug during pregnancy received this for the first time during the study period. These percentages were heterogeneous between therapeutic drug classes. Conclusions Five percent of the pregnancies received a potentially teratogenic drug during pregnancy and 0.66% received a drug from the risk category X. It may be possible to reduce these proportions when reasons for prescription have been explored.

Drug safety, embryotoxic, maternal drug use, pregnancy, teratogens
dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.13128, hdl.handle.net/1765/91823
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Department of Epidemiology

Zomerdijk, T.P.L, Ruiter, T.R, Houweling, L.M.A, Herings, R.M.C, Straus, S.M.J.M, & Stricker, B.H.Ch. (2015). Dispensing of potentially teratogenic drugs before conception and during pregnancy: A population-based study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 122(8), 1119–1129. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13128