Glioblastomas are cytogenetically heterogeneous tumors that frequently display alterations of chromosomes 7, 9p, and 10q. We used high-density (500K) single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays to investigate genome-wide copy number alterations and loss of heterozygosity in 35 primary glioblastomas. We focused on the identification and detailed characterization of alterations involving the most frequently altered chromosomes (chromosomes 7, 9, and 10), the identification of distinct prognostic subgroups of glioblastomas based on the cytogenetic patterns of alteration for these chromosomes, and validation of their prognostic impact in a larger series of tumors from public databases. Gains of chromosome 7 (97%), with or without epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification, and losses of chromosomes 9p (83%) and 10 (91%) were the most frequent alterations. Such alterations defined five different cytogenetic groups with a significant effect on patient survival; notably, EGFR amplification (29%) was associated with a better survival among older patients, as confirmed by multivariate analysis of a larger series of glioblastomas from the literature. In addition, our results provide further evidence about the relevance of other genes (eg, EGFR, CDKN2A/B, MTAP) in the pathogenesis of glioblastomas. Altogether, our results confirm the cytogenetic heterogeneity of glioblastomas and suggest that their stratification based on combined assessment of cytogenetic alterations involving chromosomes 7, 9, and 10 may contribute to the prognostic evaluation of glioblastomas. Copyright,
The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
Department of Neurology

Crespo, I, Vital, A.L, Nieto, A.B, Rebelo, O, Tão, H, Lopes, M.C, … Tabernero, M.D. (2011). Detailed characterization of alterations of chromosomes 7, 9, and 10 in glioblastomas as assessed by single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays. The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, 13(6), 634–647. doi:10.1016/j.jmoldx.2011.06.003