Optimal mapping of inferior olive neuron simulations on the Single-Chip Cloud Computer
Biologically accurate neuron simulations are increasingly important in research related to brain activity. They are computationally intensive and feature data and task parallelism. In this paper, we present a case study for the mapping of a biologically accurate inferior-olive (InfOli), neural cell simulator on an many-core research platform. The Single-Chip Cloud Computer (SCC) is an experimental processor created by Intel Labs. The target neurons provide a major input to the cerebellum and are involved in motor skills and space perception. We exploit task-and data-partitioning, scaling the simulation over more than 40,000 neurons. The voltage-and frequency-scaling capabilities of the chip are explored, achieving more than 20% energy savings with negligible performance degradation. Four platform configurations are evaluated and a mapping with balanced workload and constant voltage and frequency is formally derived as optimal.