Background: Currently, health care and medical decision-making at the end of life for older people are often insufficiently patient-centred. In this trial we study the effects of Advance Care Planning (ACP), a formalised process of timely communication about care preferences at the end of life, for frail older people. Methods/Design: We will conduct a cluster randomised controlled trial among older people residing in care homes or receiving home care in the Netherlands. The intervention group will receive the ACP program Respecting Choices® in addition to usual care. The control group will receive usual care only. Participants in both groups will fill out questionnaires at baseline and after 12 months. We hypothesize that ACP will lead to better patient activation in medical decision making and quality of life, while reducing the number of medical interventions and thus health care costs. Multivariate analysis will be used to compare differences between the intervention group and the control group at baseline and to compare differences in changes after 12 months following the inclusion. Discussion: Our study can contribute to more understanding of the effects of ACP on patient activation and quality of life in frail older people. Further, we will gain insight in the costs and cost-effectiveness of ACP. This study will facilitate ACP policy for older people in the Netherlands. Trial registration: Nederlands Trial Register: NTR4454.

Advance care planning, Advance directives, Cost-effectiveness, Elderly care, Patient activation, Quality of life, Respecting choices,
BMC Geriatrics
Department of Public Health

Korfage, I.J, Rietjens, J.A.C, Overbeek, A, Jabbarian, L.J, Billekens, P, Hammes, B.J, … van der Heide, A. (2015). A cluster randomized controlled trial on the effects and costs of advance care planning in elderly care: Study protocol. BMC Geriatrics, 15(1). doi:10.1186/s12877-015-0087-z