Because of its lack of ionizing radiation, MR imaging is increasingly used for patients with cardiovascular disease, including young women. However, the risks related to the MR environment need to be acknowledged and prevented. For women, there are unique gender-related safety issues that are important to address in cardiovascular MR examinations. This article familiarizes radiologists with MR safety issues and current, evidence-based recommendations for specific situations such as pregnancy or lactation and imaging of women who have pelvic gynecologic devices such as intrauterine devices. Practical algorithms to minimize risk and increase MR safety for these women are suggested.

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
Department of Radiology

Ciet, P., & Litmanovich, D. E. (2015). MR Safety Issues Particular to Women. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America (Vol. 23, pp. 59–67). doi:10.1016/j.mric.2014.09.002