The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between hypertension and risk of stroke in the elderly. The study was performed within the framework of the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study. The risk of first-ever stroke was associated with hypertension (relative risk, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.0) and with isolated systolic hypertension (relative risk, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.6). We found a continuous increase in stroke incidence with increasing blood pressure in nontreated subjects. In treated subjects, we found a J-shaped relation between blood pressure and the risk of stroke. In the lowest category of diastolic blood pressure, the increase of stroke risk was statistically significant compared with the reference category. Hypertension and isolated systolic hypertension are strong risk factors for stroke in the elderly. The increased stroke risk in the lowest stratum of blood pressure in treated hypertensive patients may indicate that the therapeutic goal of "the lower the better" is not the optimal strategy in the elderly.

Aged, Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects/therapeutic use, Blood Pressure/*drug effects/*physiology, Cerebrovascular Accident/classification/*epidemiology/physiopathology, Cohort Studies, Comorbidity, Confounding Factors (Epidemiology), Diastole/physiology, Female, Humans, Hypertension/*drug therapy/*epidemiology/physiopathology, Male, Netherlands/epidemiology, Prospective Studies, Reference Values, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Systole/physiology
hdl.handle.net/1765/9215
Hypertension
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Vokó, Z, Bots, M.L, Koudstaal, P.J, Witteman, J.C.M, Breteler, M.M.B, & Hofman, A. (1999). J-shaped relation between blood pressure and stroke in treated hypertensives. Hypertension. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9215