OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency and type of neurological complications after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with an HLA identical unrelated donor or a mismatched related donor (alternative donors) to the neurological complications after matched sibling BMT for standard and high risk leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndromes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutively treated patients with (a) BMT from alternative donors (n=39), (b) treated with matched sibling BMT for standard risk leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or aplastic anaemia (n=53), and (c) treated with matched sibling BMT for high risk leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or aplastic anaemia (n=49). RESULTS: A total of 72 neurological complications were found. Most of these occurred within the first 6 months after transplant. Thirty six patients developed a severe neurological complication: 17 Alternative donor patients (44%) by contrast with six standard risk patients (11%) and 13 high risk patients (27%; p<0.005). The most frequent complication was a metabolic encephalopathy occurring in 18% of patients. Most of the encephalopathies were caused by either the transplant procedure, cyclosporin, systemic infections, microangiopathic thrombopathy, or by complications induced by graft versus host disease. Infections of the CNS developed in 9% of patients, cerebrovascular lesions in 3%. CONCLUSIONS: Severe neurological complications are more frequent after BMT from alternative donors. This is mainly due to increased treatment related morbidity and to more profound immunosuppression after BMT from alternative donors.

Adolescent, Adult, Bone Marrow Transplantation/*adverse effects, Female, Humans, Male, Middle aged, Nervous System Diseases/*complications, Postoperative Complications, Transplantation, Homologous
hdl.handle.net/1765/9216
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of neurology and neurosurgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

de Brabander, C, Smitt, P.A, Vecht, C.J, van den Bent, M.J, & Cornelissen, J.J. (2000). Increased incidence of neurological complications in patients receiving an allogenic bone marrow transplantation from alternative donors. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of neurology and neurosurgery. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9216