Aim. Prostate cancer (PC) is a major health problem. The Gastrin-Releasing Peptide Receptor (GRPR) offers a promising target for staging and monitoring of PC since it is overexpressed in PC and not in normal prostatic tissue. To improve receptor-mediated imaging we investigated the impact of various experimental conditions on pharmacokinetics using the Indium-111 labelled bombesin (BN) analogue AMBA. Besides frequently used androgen-resistant PC-3 also the clinically more relevant androgen sensitive VCaP celline was used as human PC xenograft in nude mice. Methods. Non-purified [111In]AMBA was compared with HPLC-purified [111In]AMBA. Effect of specific activity was studied administrating 0.1MBq [111In] AMBA supplemented with different amounts of AMBA (1-3000pmol). GRPR was saturated with Tyr 4-BN 1 and 4h prior to injection of [111In]AMBA. Results. GRPR-positive tissue showed a significant 2 to 3-fold increase in absolute uptake after HPLC-purification while keeping a stable tumor-to-pancreas ratio. Lowering specific activity resulted in decline in uptake to 43% in tumor, 49% in kidney and 92% in pancreas between 10 and 3000 pmol. Tumor-to-pancreas ratio improved six-fold from 0.1±0 after 10 pmol up to 0.6±0.2 after 3000 pmol (P<0.01). When saturating GRPR 4h prior to [111In]AMBA injection tumor-to-pancreas ratio improved from 0.10±0.3 to 0.22±0.2 (P<0.01) and tumor-to-kidney ratio increased from 0.92±0.16 to 3.45±0.5 (P<0.01). Conclusion. Besides specific peptide characteristics also the experimental conditions, such as HPLC-purification, variations in specific activity and saturation of the GRPR prior to [111In]AMBA administration essentially affect radiopeptide pharmacokinetics. Experimental conditions therefore need to be carefully selected in order to compose ideal standardised protocols for optimal targeting.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Prostatic neoplasms, Receptors, bombesin, Research design
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/92252
Journal Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Citation
Schroeder, R.P.J, de Blois, E, Ridder, C.M.A, van Weerden, W.M, Breeman, W.A.P, & de Jong, M. (2012). Improving radiopeptide pharmacokinetics by adjusting experimental conditions for bombesin receptor-targeted imaging of prostate cancer. Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 56(5), 468–475. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/92252