We present a case of a 31-year-old male, a known patient with lepromatous leprosy with a type 2 lepra reaction, who presented with a slowly growing asymptomatic swelling with multiple discharging sinuses over the forehead that developed over 6 months. Smears of the serosanguinous discharge on Gram staining showed Gram-positive branching filamentous bacilli, which on culture on blood agar showed chalky-white colonies. Histology of the lesion showed suppurative granulomas with polymorphs surrounding characteristic grains. The isolate was identified as Nocardia nova by gene sequencing and the patient was started on combined antibiotic therapy that resulted in complete resolution of the infection in six months. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of mycetoma related to Nocardia nova in association with leprosy.

Dermatology Online Journal
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Dhingra, M., Kaistha, N., Bansal, N., Solanki, L. S., Chander, J., Thami, G. P., & van de Sande, W. (2012). Nocardia nova mycetoma over forehead in a lepromatous leprosy patient. Dermatology Online Journal, 18(7). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/92294