Abstract The MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 (MRN) complex has several distinct functions in DNA repair including important roles in both non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). The biochemical activities of MR(N) have been well characterized implying specific functional roles for the components. The arrangement of proteins in the complex implies interdependence of their biochemical activities making it difficult to separate specific functions. We obtained purified human RAD50 and observed that it binds ATP, undergoes ATP-dependent conformational changes as well as having ATPase activity. Scanning force microscopy analysis clearly showed that RAD50 binds DNA although not as oligomers. RAD50 alone was not functional in tethering DNA molecules. ATP increased formation of RAD50 multimers which were however globular lacking extended coiled coils, in contrast to the MR complex where ATP induced oligomers have obvious coiled coils protruding from a central domain. These results suggest that MRE11 is important in maintaining the structural arrangement of RAD50 in the protein complex and perhaps has a role in reinforcing proper alignment of the coiled coils in the ATP-bound state.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2015.03.017, hdl.handle.net/1765/92435
Biochimie: an international journal of biochemistry and molecular biology
Department of Radiation Oncology

Kinoshita, E., van Rossum-Fikkert, S., Sanchez, H., Kertokalio, A., & Wyman, C. (2015). Human RAD50 makes a functional DNA-binding complex. Biochimie: an international journal of biochemistry and molecular biology, 113, 47–53. doi:10.1016/j.biochi.2015.03.017