OBJECTIVE: Liver handling of thyroid hormones (TH) has been known to alter significantly during fasting. This study investigates whether renal handling of TH is also changed during fasting. METHODS: We measured urinary excretion rates and clearances of free tri-iodothyronine (T(3)) and free thyroxine (T(4)) in healthy subjects prior to and on the third day of fasting. RESULTS: During fasting, both mean T(3) and T(4) urinary excretion decreased significantly to a mean value of 42% of control. Also, total and free (F) serum T(3) concentrations declined significantly, but serum T(4) did not change. Both FT(3) and FT(4) clearance decreased significantly during fasting (62% and 42% of control). The fasting-induced decrease in uric acid clearance correlated well with the decrease in FT(3) clearance (r=0.94; P<0.001). Serum concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were significantly elevated during fasting. CONCLUSIONS: The findings cannot be fully explained by the fasting-induced decrease in serum T(3), and are in accordance with inhibition of uptake of T(3) and T(4) at the basolateral membrane of the tubular cell. This inhibition may be caused by a decreased energy state of the tubular cell and by other factors such as ketoacidosis and/or increased NEFA concentrations during fasting.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adult, Circadian Rhythm/physiology, Creatinine/blood, Fasting/blood/*physiology, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Female, Humans, Kidney/*metabolism, Male, Thyroxine/blood/*metabolism/urine, Time Factors, Triiodothyronine/blood/*metabolism/urine, Uric Acid/blood/urine
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/9249
Journal European Journal of Endocrinology
Rolleman, E.J, Hennemann, G, van Toor, H, Schoenmakers, C.H.H, Krenning, E.P, & de Jong, M. (2000). Changes in renal tri-iodothyronine and thyroxine handling during fasting. European Journal of Endocrinology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9249