This thesis set out to provide further in-depth information on prostate cancer screening and active surveillance by addressing two main questions: “What are the mechanisms that lead to the observed reduction in prostate cancer mortality?” (part 1, screening) and “Are we able to selectively identify men with aggressive disease?” (part 2, active surveillance).
To address these two main questions several sub-questions were studied.

C.H. Bangma (Chris) , E.W. Steyerberg (Ewout) , M.J. Roobol-Bouts (Monique)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Department of Urology

Bokhorst, L.P. (2016, June 22). Prostate cancer screening and active surveillance : can we increase survival without doing too much harm?. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from