The capacity of stem cells (CFU) for self‐renewal was tested by transplanting normal bone marrow (primary transplantation) and bone marrow which had been subjected to one or two earlier transplantations (secondary and tertiary transplantation) into lethally irradiated syngeneic recipients. It was found that the capacity for self‐renewal is diminished within the first weeks after one or more previous transplantations. This ability of stem cells recovered after a longer interval after the previous transplantation. The time required for this recovery depended upon the number of previous transplantations and amounted to more than 1 or 2 months after one or two transplantations respectively. Shortly after transplantation the CFU/nucleated cell ratio in bone marrow was below normal and its decrease was more pronounced when the bone marrow had been transplanted more often. An increase of the ratio towards normal values was observed in the course of one month after the last transplantation. Measurements of the spleen colony size after transplantation of normal and re‐transplanted bone marrow indicated that CFUs from re‐transplanted marrow gave slightly smaller spleen colonies than those of normal marrow. It is concluded that the decreased self‐renewal of stem cells shortly after previous transplantations is probably not due to a limitation in the number of normal mitoses they can perform, but to a loss of stem cells by transfer to the compartment of differentiating cells. Copyright,
Cell Proliferation

Vos, O., & Dolmans, M.J.A.S. (1972). Self-renewal of colony forming units (cfu) in serial bone marrow transplantation experiments. Cell Proliferation, 5(5), 371–385. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2184.1972.tb00376.x