Aims: Adapted Dry Bed Training (Adapted DBT) has been shown to be effective in therapy-resistant adolescents and adults with enuresis. Given the substantial impact of enuresis and the time-consuming nature of Adapted DBT, we investigated which patients benefited most from Adapted DBT. Therefore, we identified predictors for a successful treatment response to Adapted DBT in this population. Methods: Retrospective cohort study in 907 consecutive patients, aged 11–42 years, subjected to in-hospital Adapted DBT in our Dry Bed Center between January 2003 and July 2013. Outcome was defined as treatment success after six months (primary outcome) and six weeks. Results of logistic regression analyses are presented in odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results: Predictors for a successful treatment response to Adapted DBT in adolescents and adults with enuresis after six months are: gender (female), initial degree of enuresis (mild: 0–3 nights/week), current diaper use, never used anticholinergics in the past, and degree of enuresis six weeks after training. Predictors for successful treatment response after six weeks are: gender and initial degree of enuresis only. Limitation: The low explained variance of our model, showing that many other factors, not included in our study, could be of interest in the prediction of success. Conclusions: Several factors that predicted a successful treatment response of Adapted DBT after six weeks and six months were identified. However, the low explained variance of our model suggests that other non-identified factors are also important in predicting outcome. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:1006–1010, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Neurourology and Urodynamics
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

Hofmeester, I., Kollen, B., Steffens, M.G. (Martijn G.), van Capelle, J.-W., Mulder, Z. (Zwaan), Feitz, W., & Blanker, M. (2016). Predictors for a positive outcome of adapted clinical dry bed training in adolescents and adults with enuresis. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 35(8), 1006–1010. doi:10.1002/nau.22869