Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the impact of sex on 2-year outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients randomly allocated to 24-month versus 6-month dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Background The optimal duration of DAPT after PCI is highly debated. Whether sex per se should drive decision making on DAPT duration remains unclear. Methods The primary efficacy endpoint of PRODIGY (Prolonging Dual Antiplatelet Treatment After Grading Stent-Induced Intimal Hyperplasia Study) was the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident at 24-month follow-up. The key safety endpoint was type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium criteria. Results Women (n = 459 [23.3%]) were older and more likely to have hypertension, lower creatinine clearance, and acute coronary syndrome but had a lower severity of coronary artery disease. After adjustment, prolonged DAPT, compared with 6-month treatment, did not reduce the primary endpoint in both men (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.080; 95% confidence interval: 0.766 to 1.522; p = 0.661) and women (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.013; 95% confidence interval: 0.588 to 1.748; p = 0.962) (interaction p = 0.785). No sex disparity was identified across multiple secondary ischemic endpoints, including overall or cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis. There was also no clear sex-related effect on clinically relevant bleeding, including Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5, TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction), and GUSTO (Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries) scales. Conclusions The present findings suggest that men and women undergoing PCI have similar adjusted 2-year ischemic and bleeding outcomes, despite being characterized by different clinical presentation. Sex failed to emerge as a treatment modifier with respect to DAPT duration, suggesting that decision making on DAPT duration in female patients should weigh ischemic versus bleeding risks.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2016.05.046, hdl.handle.net/1765/93941
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Gargiulo, G., Ariotti, S., Santucci, A. (Andrea), Piccolo, R. (Raffaele), Baldo, A. (Andrea), Franzone, A. (Anna), … Valgimigli, M. (2016). Impact of Sex on 2-Year Clinical Outcomes in Patients Treated With 6-Month or 24-Month Dual-Antiplatelet Therapy Duration: A Pre-Specified Analysis From the PRODIGY Trial. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 9(17), 1780–1789. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2016.05.046