OBJECTIVE To evaluate a computer-assisted point-prevalence survey (CAPPS) for hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). DESIGN Validation cohort. SETTING A 754-bed teaching hospital in the Netherlands. METHODS For the internal validation of a CAPPS for HAIs, 2,526 patients were included. All patient records were retrospectively reviewed in depth by 2 infection control practitioners (ICPs) to determine which patients had suffered an HAI. Preventie van Ziekenhuisinfecties door Surveillance (PREZIES) criteria were used. Following this internal validation, 13 consecutive CAPPS were performed in a prospective study from January to March 2013 to determine weekly, monthly, and quarterly HAI point prevalence. Finally, a CAPPS was externally validated by PREZIES (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu [RIVM], Bilthoven, Netherlands). In all evaluations, discrepancies were resolved by consensus. RESULTS In our series of CAPPS, 83% of the patients were automatically excluded from detailed review by the ICP. The sensitivity of the method was 91%. The time spent per hospital-wide CAPPS was ~3 hours. External validation showed a negative predictive value of 99.1% for CAPPS. CONCLUSIONS CAPPS proved to be a sensitive, accurate, and efficient method to determine serial weekly point-prevalence HAI rates in our hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;1-6.

doi.org/10.1017/ice.2016.159, hdl.handle.net/1765/93955
Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Streefkerk, R., Lede, I.O. (Ivar O.), Eriksson, J.L.V. (John L.V.), Meijling, M.G. (Marije G.), van der Hoeven, C., Wille, J., … Al Naiemi, N. (Nashwan). (2016). Internal and External Validation of a Computer-Assisted Surveillance System for Hospital-Acquired Infections in a 754-Bed General Hospital in the Netherlands. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 37(11), 1355–1360. doi:10.1017/ice.2016.159