Objective: The purpose of the present paper is to describe the presentation of persistent orofacial muscle pain, also commonly referred to as myofascial temporomandibular disorder. Methods: In this practice survey, the authors reviewed the demographic and clinical features of 34 patients who were evaluated and diagnosed personally. Results: The majority of the 34 patients were women (82.4%), and their age at consultation averaged 44.6 ± 12.6 (SD) years. The median pain duration was 4.0 years (range: 0.2–34 years). In 97.1% of patients, the pain occurred daily and continuously, and in 51.9% it was unilateral. Chewing or eating made the pain worse in 50% of the patients, and talking in 29.4%. On examination, tightness of the masseter muscle(s) was present in 58.8%, and tenderness in 58.8%. Conclusions: Persistent orofacial muscle pain mostly affects women, generally occurs daily and continuously, and is equally often unilateral and bilateral. Chewing, eating, and talking are the most common aggravating factors, and tightness or tenderness of the masseter muscle(s) is often found on examination.

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doi.org/10.1080/08869634.2016.1248591, hdl.handle.net/1765/93958
Cranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Department of Neurology

Spierings, E. L. H., & Mulder, M. (2016). Persistent orofacial muscle pain: Its synonymous terminology and presentation. Cranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 1–4. doi:10.1080/08869634.2016.1248591