Background and aims We aimed to identify clusters of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, risky for extremely high intima-media thickness. Methods We studied 41,513 volunteers (men and women) from eleven cohorts worldwide, participating in the MARE (Metabolic syndrome and Artery REsearch) Consortium. Results Specific clusters of MetS components - high triglycerides-high blood pressure-abdominal obesity (TBW), low HDL cholesterol-high blood pressure-abdominal obesity (HBW), high glucose-high blood pressure-abdominal obesity (GBW) - were accompanied by a 50–90% significantly greater likelihood of presenting extremely high intima-media thickness (via ultrasound of carotid artery, CCA IMT), after controlling for age, sex, smoking, non-HDL cholesterol, and presence of diabetes mellitus. This likelihood is comparable to the effect of being 7–8 years older or of being a cigarette smoker or of having non-HDL cholesterol 50 mg/dl higher. Conclusions The consistent association of specific clusters of MetS components with extremely thick (older) large artery cross-culturally suggests that identification of those clusters in clinical practice will facilitate a personalized health care and a better – i.e. more healthy and cost-effective - prevention of major cardiovascular (CV) events.

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Keywords Arterial ageing, Arteries, Carotid intima-media thickness, Metabolic syndrome
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Journal Atherosclerosis
Scuteri, A, Franco, O.H, Völzke, H, Shin, M.-H. (Min-Ho), Kweon, S.-S. (Sun-Seog), Rietzschel, E.R, … Nilsson, P. (2016). The relationship between the metabolic syndrome and arterial wall thickness: A mosaic still to be interpreted. Atherosclerosis, 255, 11–16. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.10.032