The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of CAPOX and capecitabine on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) among elderly stage III colon cancer patients and to evaluate the effect of (non-)completion. Patients aged ≥70 years who underwent resection only or who were subsequently treated with CAPOX or capecitabine in 10 large non-academic hospitals were included. RFS and OS were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariable Cox regression adjusted for patient and tumor characteristics. 982 patients were included: 630 underwent surgery only, 191 received CAPOX and 161 received capecitabine. Five-year RFS and OS did not differ between capecitabine and CAPOX (RFS: 63% vs. 60% (p = 0.91), adjusted HR = 0.99 (95%CI 0.68-1.44); OS: 66% vs. 66% (p = 0.76), adjusted HR = 0.93 (95%CI 0.64–1.34)). After resection only, RFS was 38% and OS 37%. Completion rates were 48% for CAPOX and 68% for capecitabine. Three-year RFS and OS did not differ between patients who discontinued CAPOX early and patients who completed treatment with CAPOX (RFS: 61% vs. 69% (p = 0.21), adjusted HR = 1.42 (95%CI 0.85–2.37); OS: 68% vs. 78% (p = 0.41), adjusted HR = 1.17 (95%CI 0.70–1.97)). Three-year RFS and OS differed between patients who discontinued capecitabine early and patients who completed treatment with capecitabine (RFS: 54% vs. 72% (p = 0.01), adjusted HR = 2.07 (95%CI 1.11–3.84); OS: 65% vs. 80% (p = 0.01), adjusted HR = 2.00 (95%CI 1.12–3.59)). Receipt of CAPOX or capecitabine is associated with improved RFS and OS. The advantage does not differ by regimen. The addition of oxaliplatin might not be justified in elderly stage III colon cancer patients.

Additional Metadata
Keywords adjuvant chemotherapy, capecitabine, colon cancer, elderly, overall survival, oxaliplatin, recurrence-free survival
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.30423, hdl.handle.net/1765/94218
Journal International Journal of Cancer
Citation
van Erning, F.N, Janssen-Heijnen, M.L.G, Creemers, G.J.M, Pruijt, J.F.M, Maas, H.A.A.M, & Lemmens, V.E.P.P. (2017). Recurrence-free and overall survival among elderly stage III colon cancer patients treated with CAPOX or capecitabine monotherapy. International Journal of Cancer, 140(1), 224–233. doi:10.1002/ijc.30423