BACKGROUND: Intracoronary gamma- and beta-radiation have reduced restenosis in animal models. In the clinical setting, the effectiveness of beta-emitters has not been studied in a broad spectrum of patients, particularly those receiving stents. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective, randomized, sham-controlled study of intracoronary radiotherapy with the beta-emitting (32)P source wire, using a centering catheter and automated source delivery unit, was conducted. A total of 105 patients with de novo (70%) or restenotic (30%) lesions who were treated by stenting (61%) or balloon angioplasty (39%) received 0 (control), 16, 20, or 24 Gy to a depth of 1 mm in the artery wall. Angiography at 6 months showed a target site late loss index of 11+/-36% in radiotherapy patients versus 55+/-30% in controls (P:<0.0001). A low late loss index was seen in stented and balloon-treated patients and was similar across the 16, 20, and 24 Gy radiotherapy groups. Restenosis (>/=50%) rates were significantly lower in radiotherapy patients at the target site (8% versus 39%; P:=0.012) and at target site plus adjacent segments (22% versus 50%; P:=0.018). Target lesion revascularization was needed in 5 radiotherapy patients (6%) and 6 controls (24%; P:<0.05). Stenosis adjacent to the target site and late thrombotic events reduced the overall clinical benefit of radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: beta-radiotherapy with a centered (32)P source is safe and highly effective in inhibiting restenosis at the target site after stent or balloon angioplasty. However, minimizing edge narrowing and late thrombotic events must be accomplished to maximize the clinical benefit of this modality.

Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/instrumentation, Aspirin/therapeutic use, Automation, Beta Rays, Combined Modality Therapy, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Disease/prevention & control/radiotherapy/*therapy, Coronary Vessels/pathology/radiation effects, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Drug Delivery Systems, Humans, Phosphorus Radioisotopes/administration & dosage/*therapeutic use, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use, Radiopharmaceuticals/*therapeutic use, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Stents, Ticlopidine/therapeutic use, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome
hdl.handle.net/1765/9443
Circulation (Baltimore)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Raizner, A.E, Colombo, A, Lim, Y.L, Yeung, A.C, Ali, N.M, Vandertie, L, … van der Giessen, W.J. (2000). Inhibition of restenosis with beta-emitting radiotherapy: Report of the Proliferation Reduction with Vascular Energy Trial (PREVENT). Circulation (Baltimore), 102(9), 951–958. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9443