A method to simulate incentives for cost containment under various cost sharing designs
An application to a first-euro deductible and a doughnut hole
European Journal of Health Economics (HEPAC)
Many health insurance schemes include deductibles to provide consumers with cost containment incentives (CCI) and to counteract moral hazard. Policymakers are faced with choices on the implementation of a specific cost sharing design. One of the guiding principles in this decision process could be which design leads to the strongest CCI. Despite the vast amount of literature on the effects of cost sharing, the relative effects of specific cost sharing designs—e.g., a traditional deductible versus a doughnut hole—will mostly be absent for a certain context. This papers aims at developing a simulation model to approximate the relative effects of different deductible modalities on the CCI. We argue that the CCI depends on the probability that healthcare expenses end up in the deductible range and the expected healthcare expenses given that they end up in the deductible range. Our empirical application shows that different deductible modalities result in different CCIs and that the CCI under a certain modality differs across risk-groups.
European Journal of Health Economics (HEPAC)|
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)|
Cattel, D., van Kleef, R., & van Vliet, R. (2016). A method to simulate incentives for cost containment under various cost sharing designs. European Journal of Health Economics (HEPAC). doi:10.1007/s10198-016-0843-9