Chronic Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, has high mortality and morbidity rates if left untreated. Controversy about the diagnosis of this complex disease has emerged recently. We applied the guideline from the Dutch Q Fe­ver Consensus Group and a set of diagnostic criteria pro­posed by Didier Raoult to all 284 chronic Q fever patients included in the Dutch National Chronic Q Fever Database during 2006–2012. Of the patients who had proven cas­es of chronic Q fever by the Dutch guideline, 46 (30.5%) would not have received a diagnosis by the alternative cri­teria designed by Raoult, and 14 (4.9%) would have been considered to have possible chronic Q fever. Six patients with proven chronic Q fever died of related causes. Until results from future studies are available, by which current guidelines can be modified, we believe that the Dutch lit­erature-based consensus guideline is more sensitive and easier to use in clinical practice.,
Emerging Infectious Diseases - (Open Access)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Kampschreur, L. M., Wegdam-Blans, M. C., Wever, P., Renders, N., Delsing, C.E. (Corine E.), Sprong, T., … Visser, L. (2015). Chronic Q fever diagnosis—consensus guideline versus expert opinion. Emerging Infectious Diseases - (Open Access) (Vol. 21, pp. 1183–1188). doi:10.3201/eid2107.130955