The main aim of this thesis was to evaluate dietary intake in relation to various aspects of bone health in Dutch middle aged and elderly people. Dietary intake was assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs). These FFQs included a large number of food items and asked if and how often our participants habitually consumed the food items.
Bone mineral density (BMD) was used as an important measure of bone health. BMD reflects the degree of mineralisation of the bones.
Additionally, more novel measures of bone health that provide information on the structure of the bones were covered. Examples are the Trabecular Bone Score (TBS, a reflection of trabecular integrity) and structural measurements of hip, such as cortical bone width.
Moreover, risk of fractures of different types was studied.

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O.H. Franco (Oscar) , A.G. Uitterlinden (André) , J.C. Kiefte-de Jong (Jessica) , F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Department of Internal Medicine

de Jonge, E. (2016, December 20). What to eat for healthy bones? : epidemiological studies on diet, bone health and frailty. Retrieved from