The main objective of this thesis is to study the accountability of gold-mining companies to the communities within which they operate in Tanzania. The thesis develops a localised social accountability framework from accountability and stakeholder literature. This framework is discussed in four thematic chapters: land grievances, environmental pollution, violent conflict and company social spending.

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P. Knorringa (Peter) , A.H.J. Helmsing (Bert)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Funded by the Netherlands Fellowship Programme (NFP)
ISS PhD Theses
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Rutenge, M. (2016, December 20). Gold-mining multinationals and community interaction in Tanzania : towards localised social accountability. ISS PhD Theses. Retrieved from