N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an important predictor of outcome in adults with heart failure. In children with heart failure secondary to dilated cardiomyopathy (DC) markers that reliably predict disease progression and outcome during follow-up are scarce. We investigated whether serial NT-proBNP measurements were predictive for outcome in children with DC. All available NT-proBNP measurements in children with DC were analyzed. Linear mixed-effect models and Cox regression were used to analyze the predictive value of NT-proBNP on the end point of cardiac death (death, heart transplantation, or mechanical circulatory support). During 7 years, 115 patients were included. At diagnosis, median NT-proBNP was high and not predictive for outcome. At any time during follow-up, a twofold higher NT-proBNP resulted in a 2.9 times higher risk in the first year (p <0.001) and a 1.8 times higher risk thereafter (p <0.001). Furthermore, at any time, the slope of log10(NT-proBNP) was significantly predictive for the risk of an end point (0 to 30 days hazard ratio [HR] 3.5, >30 days HR 2.9; >1 year HR 6.4). In patients with idiopathic DC (IDC) at 30 days after diagnosis, NT-proBNP ≥7,990 pg/ml showed a 1- and 2-year event-free survival of 79% and 71% and >1 year after diagnosis NT-proBNP ≥924 pg/ml showed a 2- and 5-year event-free survival of 50% and 40%, whereas below both thresholds event-free survival was 100%. In non-IDC, these thresholds were not predictive for outcome. In conclusion, NT-proBNP at any time during follow-up and its change over time were significantly predictive for the risk of cardiac death in children with DC. In children with IDC >1 year after diagnosis, NT-proBNP >924 pg/ml identified a subgroup with a poor outcome.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.08.053, hdl.handle.net/1765/94738
Journal The American Journal of Cardiology
den Boer, S.L, Rizopoulos, D, Du Marchie Sarvaas, G.J, Backx, A, ten Harkel, A.D.J, van Iperen, G.G, … Dalinghaus, M. (2016). Usefulness of Serial N-terminal Pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide Measurements to Predict Cardiac Death in Acute and Chronic Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Children. The American Journal of Cardiology, 118(11), 1723–1729. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.08.053