Background Surgery for sagittal synostosis aims at correction of skull shape and restoration of growth potential. Small cranial volume is associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Although many techniques have been described, information on postoperative volume related to early and late remodeling is lacking. Methods Between 2004 and 2008, a total of 95 patients were collected who underwent either early extended strip craniectomy or late total cranial remodeling according to age of presentation. Volume was measured on three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetry. Volume measurements were related to cranial index (CI), head circumference (HCsd), and signs of raised ICP. In a small subset of patients, volume measurements on 3D photogrammetry were assessed for inter- and intrarater reliability and compared to 3D computed tomography (CT). Results Volume was increased in all patients before and after surgery compared to normative values. Postoperatively, late total cranial remodeling resulted in a slightly larger volume than early extended strip craniectomy. Volume measurements showed a good correlation with HCsd (0.67) and a poor relationship with CI (0.13). Headache occurred more frequently in patients with a lower cranial volume. Although papilledema and reoperation showed the same trend, the numbers were too small for statistical analysis. Reproducibility of volume measurements on 3D photogrammetry was high, as was the correlation with measurements on CT. Conclusion Late total cranial remodeling results in a larger postoperative volume, as measured on 3D photogrammetry, than extended strip craniectomy. Clinical signs of raised ICP occur more frequently in patients with a smaller volume. To measure volume, 3D photogrammetry is a good alternative to CT.

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Keywords 3D photogrammetry, Cranial volume, Sagittal synostosis, Surgery
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Journal Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
van Veelen-Vincent, M.L.C, Jippes, M. (Marielle), Carolina, J.-C.A. (Julius-Carl A.), de Rooi, J.J, Dirven, C.M.F. (Clemens M.F.), van Adrichem, L.N.A, & Mathijssen, I.M.J. (2016). Volume measurements on three-dimensional photogrammetry after extended strip versus total cranial remodeling for sagittal synostosis: A comparative cohort study. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(10), 1713–1718. doi:10.1016/j.jcms.2016.07.029