Hypophysectomy of immature male rats results after 5 days in a decreased production of testosterone by isolated testis Leydig cells in response to LH. The LH responsiveness of the Leydig cells can be partly restored by treatment of the hypophysectomized rats with FSH. In continuation of previous reports on this subject (Steroids 28 (1976) 847; and 30 (1978) the following conclusions were derived from the results in the present paper: 1. After hypophysectomy of immature male rats the production of testosterone (T) as well as of 5‐pregnenolone (Δ5P) by isolated Leydig cells in response to LH is reduced. 2. Daily administration of FSH after hypophysectomy restores the Δ5P production in response to LH almost completely, but has a much smaller effect on the restoration of T production. 3. Administration of oestradiol benzoate (E2B) together with FSH has no effect on the restoration of LH‐stimulated Δ5P production, but causes a reduction of T production, when compared with Leydig cells from animals treated with FSH only. 4. Treatment of intact immature rats with E2B results in a decreased production of T and an increased production of Δ5P in isolated Leydig cells. 5. From experiments with labelled pregnenolone it appears that E2B and diethylstilboestrol (DES) inhibit the 17α‐hydroxylase activity of Leydig cells from intact as well as from hypophysectomized rats. This results in a reduced conversion of pregnenolone to C1:)‐steroids and in increased production of 3α‐hydroxy‐5α‐pregnan‐20‐one from δ5P. 6. The observed effects of FSH and E, were similar within a dose range of 100–10000 ng LH per 106 Leydig cells. Copyright

doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2605.1978.tb00029.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/94920
International Journal of Andrology

van Beurden-Lamers, W., Roodnat, B. (Bep), & van der Molen, H.J. (Henk J.). (1978). Effects of Oestrogens and FSH on LH Stimulation of Steroid Production by Testis Leydig Cells from Immature Rats. International Journal of Andrology, 1, 374–383. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.1978.tb00029.x