A previously established mechanism-based disease systems model for osteoporosis that is based on a mathematically reduced version of a model describing the interactions between osteoclast (bone removing) and osteoblast (bone forming) cells in bone remodeling has been applied to clinical data from women (n=1,379) receiving different doses and treatment regimens of alendronate, placebo, and washout. The changes in the biomarkers, plasma bone-specific alkaline phosphatase activity (BSAP), urinary N-telopeptide (NTX), lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD), and total hip BMD, were linked to the underlying mechanistic core of the model. The final model gave an accurate description of all four biomarkers for the different treatments. Simulations were used to visualize the dynamics of the underlying network and the natural disease progression upon alendronate treatment and discontinuation. These results complement the previous applications of this mechanism-based disease systems model to data from various treatments for osteoporosis.

doi.org/10.1002/psp4.12135, hdl.handle.net/1765/94926
CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Berkhout, J., Stone, J. A., Verhamme, K., Danhof, M., & Post, T. M. (2016). Disease Systems Analysis of Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Response to Alendronate, Placebo, and Washout in Postmenopausal Women. CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology, 5(12), 656–664. doi:10.1002/psp4.12135