The faithful transcription of eukaryotic genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP2) is crucial for proper cell function and tissue homeostasis. However, transcription-blocking DNA lesions of both endogenous and environmental origin continuously challenge the progression of elongating RNAP2. The stalling of RNAP2 on a transcription-blocking lesion triggers a series of highly regulated events, including RNAP2 processing to make the lesion accessible for DNA repair, R-loop-mediated DNA damage signaling, and the initiation of transcription-coupled DNA repair. The correct execution and coordination of these processes is vital for resuming transcription following the successful repair of transcription-blocking lesions. Here, we outline recent insights into the molecular consequences of RNAP2 stalling on transcription-blocking DNA lesions and how these lesions are resolved to restore mRNA synthesis.

Additional Metadata
Keywords DNA damage, Nucleotide excision repair, RNA polymerase 2, Transcription coupled repair, Transcription restart
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2016.11.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/95135
Journal Journal of Molecular Biology
Citation
Steurer, B, & Marteijn, J.A. (2016). Traveling Rocky Roads: The Consequences of Transcription-Blocking DNA Lesions on RNA Polymerase II. Journal of Molecular Biology. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2016.11.006