The effects of growth hormone (GH) in regulating the expression of the hepatic and renal GH and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system were studied by administering a novel GH receptor antagonist (GHRA) (B2036-PEG) at different doses (0, 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg/day) to mice for 7 days. No differences were observed in the groups with respect to body weight, food consumption or blood glucose. However, a dose-dependent decrease was observed in circulating IGF-I levels and in hepatic and renal IGF-I levels at the highest doses. In contrast, in the 5 and 10 mg/kg/day GHRA groups, circulating and hepatic transcriptional IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels were not modified, likely resulting in a significantly decreased IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio. Hepatic GH receptor (GHR) and GH binding protein (GHBP) mRNA levels increased significantly in all GHRA dosage groups. Endogenous circulatory GH levels increased significantly in the 2.5 and 5 mg/kg/day GHRA groups. Remarkably, increased circulating IGFBP-4 and hepatic IGFBP-4 mRNA levels were observed in all GHRA administration groups. Renal GHR and GHBP mRNA levels were not modified by GHRA administration at the highest doses. Also, renal IGFBP-3 mRNA levels remained unchanged in most GHRA administration groups, whereas IGFBP-1, -4 and -5 mRNA levels were significantly increased in the 5 and 10 mg/kg/day GHRA administration groups. In conclusion, the effects of a specific GHR blockade on circulating, hepatic and renal GH/IGF axis reported here, may prove useful in the future clinical use of GHRAs.

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Journal of Endocrinology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Neck, H., Dits, N., Cingel-Ristic, V., Hoppenbrouwers, I., Drop, S., & Flyvbjerg, A. (2000). Dose-response effects of a new growth hormone receptor antagonist (B2036-PEG) on circulating, hepatic and renal expression of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor system in adult mice. Journal of Endocrinology. Retrieved from