What are the attitudes towards the European Union (EU), the United States, Russia and Japan among Chinese urban citizens, and how can we explain these attitudes? These are the intriguing questions that we want to answer in this article. The image, social identity, trust, and political socialization theories proposed the various explanatory variables. We assessed their explanatory powers by analysing survey data from more than 2000 Chinese urban citizens. Most empirical evidence is found for the image theory: positive perceptions of the people (trustworthy and peaceful) and the bilateral relationship (friendly) clearly contribute to positive attitudes.

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doi.org/10.1177/0047117816649249, hdl.handle.net/1765/95219
International Relations
Erasmus University Rotterdam

van der Noll, J. (Jolanda), & Dekker, H. (Henk). (2016). A comparative analysis of Chinese urban citizens’ attitudes towards the EU, the United States, Russia and Japan. International Relations, 30(4), 456–472. doi:10.1177/0047117816649249