Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a promising imaging modality used to guide cardiac interventions, such as catheter ablation for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. These procedures rely on good visualization of the left atrium and pulmonary veins. To visualize these structures in a single volume, the acquisition, registration and fusion of multiple TEE views of the left atrium are required. We introduce atlas-based mosaicing as a method for the registration of images that are acquired according to a standardized protocol. Inspired by atlas-based segmentation approaches, compounded data of other patients serve as atlases for the registration of new data. The performance of atlas-based mosaicing is studied on 3-D TEE data of the left atrium and compared with that of regular pairwise registration. This study indicates that improved registration robustness and smaller registration errors are achieved with atlas-based mosaicing compared with regular pairwise registration. This is an important step toward the use of TEE for interventional guidance of ablation procedures.

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Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Department of Cardiology

Mulder, H. W., van Stralen, M., Ren, B., Haak, A., Viergever, M., Bosch, H., & Pluim, J. P. W. (2017). Atlas-Based Mosaicing of Left Atrial 3-D Transesophageal Echocardiography Images. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 43(4), 765–774. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2016.11.017