Osteoarthritis year in review 2016: Genetics, genomics and epigenetics
The purpose of this narrative review is to provide an overview of last year's publications in the field of genetics, genomics and epigenetics in the osteoarthritis (OA) field. Major themes arising from a Pubmed search on (epi)genetics in OA were identified. In addition, general developments in the fast evolving field of (epi)genetics are reviewed and relevance for the OA field is summarized.In the last 5 years, a number of genome-wide association studies have identified a modest number of genetic loci associated to OA. Continued functional research into these DNA variants is showing putative biological mechanisms underlying these associations. Over the last year, no additional large genome-wide association studies were published, but there clearly remains much to be discovered in the OA genetic field.A lot of research has been done into the epigenetics of OA over the last year. Several genome-wide screens examining the methylome of osteoarthritic cartilage were done. Pathway analysis confirmed deregulation of developmental and extracellular pathways in OA cartilage. Over the last year many microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified that potentially play important roles in cartilage homeostasis and/or OA process. Continued research will learn whether these identified miRNAs are truly causal and can be used in clinical applications. Many of the epigenetic findings need further confirmation, but they highlight potential novel pathways involved in cartilage biology and OA.
|Keywords||Epigenetics, Genetics, Genomics, Osteoarthritis|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2016.11.011, hdl.handle.net/1765/95470|
|Journal||Osteoarthritis and Cartilage|
van Meurs, J.B.J. (2017). Osteoarthritis year in review 2016: Genetics, genomics and epigenetics. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (Vol. 25, pp. 181–189). doi:10.1016/j.joca.2016.11.011