The role of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)(+)) channels in vasomotor tone regulation during metabolic stimulation is incompletely understood. Consequently, we studied the contribution of K(ATP)(+) channels to vasomotor tone regulation in the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary vascular bed in nine treadmill-exercising swine. Exercise up to 85% of maximum heart rate increased body O(2) consumption fourfold, accommodated by a doubling of both cardiac output and body O(2) extraction. Mean aortic pressure was unchanged, implying that systemic vascular conductance (SVC) also doubled, whereas pulmonary artery pressure increased almost in parallel with cardiac output, so that pulmonary vascular conductance (PVC) increased only 25 +/- 9% (both P < 0.05). Myocardial O(2) consumption tripled during exercise, which was paralleled by an equivalent increase in O(2) supply so that coronary venous PO(2) was maintained. Selective K(ATP)(+) channel blockade with glibenclamide (3 mg/kg iv), decreased SVC by 29 +/- 4% at rest and by 10 +/- 2% at 5 km/h (both P < 0.05), whereas PVC was unchanged. Glibenclamide decreased coronary vascular conductance and hence myocardial O(2) delivery, necessitating an increase in O(2) extraction from 76 +/- 2% to 86 +/- 2% at rest and from 79 +/- 2% to 83 +/- 1% at 5 km/h. Consequently, coronary venous PO(2) decreased from 25 +/- 1 to 17 +/- 1 mmHg at rest and from 23 +/- 1 to 20 +/- 1 mmHg at 5 km/h (all values are P < 0.05). In conclusion, K(ATP)(+) channels dilate the systemic and coronary, but not the pulmonary, resistance vessels at rest and during exercise in swine. However, opening of K(ATP)(+) channels is not mandatory for the exercise-induced systemic and coronary vasodilation.

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Duncker, D., Oei, H.-H., Hu, F., Stubenitsky, R., & Verdouw, P. (2001). Role of K(ATP)(+) channels in regulation of systemic, pulmonary, and coronary vasomotor tone in exercising swine. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. Retrieved from