Construct failure after open reduction and plate fixation of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures
Introduction: Worldwide, implants mostly used for fixation of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures (DMCF) are the easily to bend reconstruction plate and the stiffer small fragment locking compression plate. Construct failure rates after plate fixation of DMCF are reported around 5 percent. Possible risk factors for construct failure are implant type and fracture type. However, little is known about the influence of fracture fixation method on construct failure. The aim of this study was to assess construct failure in plate fixation of DMCF and to identify possible risk factors. Methods: All consecutive patients treated in a level 1 trauma centre with open reduction and fixation of DMCF using a 3.5-mm reconstruction plate or 3.5-mm small fragment locking compression plate between 2007 and 2015 were evaluated. Potential risk factors for construct failure were analysed using univariate analysis. Results: Two hundred and fifty-nine patients were analysed. Fifty DMCF (19%) were fixated with a reconstruction plate and 209 (81%) with a small fragment locking compression plate. Construct failure was seen in 18 patients (6.9%), including 5 broken plates and 13 with screw loosening. Eight percent of all reconstruction plates broke in contrast to 0.5 percent of all small fragment locking compression plates (p = 0.001). All broken implants were used as a bridging plate. Loosening of screws was seen in older patients and when the plate was fixated with less than three bicortical screws on one side of the fracture (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Overall construct failure after open reduction and plate fixation of DMCF occurred in 6.9 percent. Risk factors for plate breakage were the use of a reconstruction plate and a bridging method for fracture fixation. Risk factors for screw loosening were an increasing patient age and plate fixation with less than three bicortical screws on one side of the fracture. Recommendations: Based on the results of this study our recommendation is to use a small fragment locking compression plate for open reduction and internal fixation of DMCF. The surgeon should always strive to fixate the plate on both sides of the fracture with at least three bicortical screws.
|, , ,
|Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured
|Department of Surgery
Meeuwis, M. A., Pull ter Gunne, A.F., Verhofstad, M., & van der Heijden, F. (2017). Construct failure after open reduction and plate fixation of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2017.01.040