Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the renewed dynamic collimator in a third-generation dual source CT (DSCT) scanner and to determine the improvements over the second-generation scanner. Methods: Collimator efficacy is defined as the percentage overranging dose in terms of dose–length product (DLP) that is blocked by the dynamic collimator relative to the total overranging dose in case of a static collimator. Efficacy was assessed at various pitch values and different scan lengths. The number of additional rotations due to overranging and effective scan length were calculated on the basis of reported scanning parameters. On the basis of these values, the efficacy of the collimator was calculated. Results: The second-generation scanner showed decreased performance of the dynamic collimator at increasing pitch. Efficacy dropped to 10% at the highest pitch. For the third-generation scanner the efficacy remained above 50% at higher pitch. Noise was for some pitch values slightly higher at the edge of the imaged volume, indicating a reduced scan range to reduce the overranging dose. Conclusions: The improved dynamic collimator in the third-generation scanner blocks the overranging dose for more than 50% and is more capable of shielding radiation dose, especially in high pitch scan modes. Key points: • Overranging dose is to a large extent blocked by the dynamic collimator• Efficacy is strongly improved within the third-generation DSCT scanner• Reducing the number of additional rotations can reduce overranging with increased noise

Additional Metadata
Keywords Diagnostic imaging, Health physics, Phantoms, imaging, Radiation dosage, Tomography, spiral computed
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-017-4745-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/95779
Journal European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology
Citation
Booij, R, Dijkshoorn, M.L, & van Straten, M. (2017). Efficacy of a dynamic collimator for overranging dose reduction in a second- and third-generation dual source CT scanner. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology, 27(9), 3618–3624. doi:10.1007/s00330-017-4745-8